Table 1 Demographic data of 147 patients who suffered high-energy blunt trauma
Overall(n = 147)ISS <16(n = 102)ISS ⩾16(n = 45)p ValueEMS(n = 107)EMS+HEMS(n = 40)p Value
Male (n)10775327433
Median GCS14 (10–15)15 (14–15)9 (4–14)<0.001*15 (13–15)13 (5–15)0.002*
Median RTS12 (11–12)12 (12–12)10 (8–12)<0.001*12 (11–12)11 (9–12)0.001*
Median ISS9 (4–19)5 (4–9)26 (20–31)<0.001*8 (4–14)18 (7–29)<0.001*
Physical entrapment (n)11650.2†560.03†
HEMS assistance (n)401921<0.001†
Mortality (n)909<0.001†360.006†
  • EMS, emergency medical services; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, injury severity score; HEMS, helicopter emergency medical services; RTS, Revised Trauma Score.

  • *Mann-Whitney U test.

  • †χ2 test.

  • Data are given as medians with the first and third percentiles in parentheses.

  • EMS, emergency medical services; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, injury severity score; HEMS, helicopter emergency medical services; RTS, Revised Trauma Score.

  • *Mann-Whitney U test.

  • †χ2 test.

  • Data are given as medians with the first and third percentiles in parentheses.