Table 2

Presenting problems, ages, HIV serostatus and outcome of children requiring resuscitation

Main presenting problem* (all causes included)TotalHIV seropositive (%)Death <24 h (%)Death >24 h (%)Median age (range in months)
Hypoxia27066 (24)42 (15)48 (18)14 (0–192)
Shock247162 (66)67 (27)52 (21)9 (0–192)
Coma423106 (25)57 (13)67 (16)9 (0–192)
Hypoglycaemia355102 (29)56 (16)64 (18)12 (0–168)
Septicaemia218125 (57)42 (19)50 (23)9 (0–168)
Acidosis + dehydration10926 (25)22 (20)23 (21)8 (0–168)
Underlying diagnoses—made at resuscitation*
Meningitis6724 (36)7 (10)14 (21)12 (0–156)
Malaria20633 (16)9 (4)18 (9)23 (3–156)
Severe anaemia14930 (20)11 (7)15 (10)19 (0–168)
Malnutrition6024 (40)11 (18)12 (20)14.5 (0–168)
Trauma191 (5)1 (5)3 (16)84 (19–120)
Total children tested57626%66 (11%)89 (15%)14 (0–168)
Nine cholera, seven bronchospasm, one rabies, one neonatal tetanus
  • * Many children presented with more than one problem or diagnosis.