Table 1

Sociodemographic and health service factors associated with repeat ED attendance

Non-repeat ED visitRepeat ED visit
N=192N=114Univariate logistic regression
%(n)%(n)OR (95% CI) (p value)*
Demographic and socioeconomic factors
Age (years)65–7967(129)66(75)1.07 (0.65 to 1.74) (p=0.80)
≥8033(63)34(39)
SexMale49(94)50(57)0.96 (0.60 to 1.52) (p=0.86)
Female51(98)50(57)
Living aloneYes40(76)46(52)1.28 (0.80 to 2.04) (p=0.30)
Own homeNo18(34)20(23)1.21 (0.67 to 2.17) (p=0.54)
EducationPrimary/second73(141)72(82)
Trade/third level27(51)28(32)1.09 (0.65 to 1.83) (p=0.73)
Private health insuranceNo54(104)63(72)1.45 (0.90 to 2.33) (p=0.12)
Social class1–350(96)41(47)
4–7 (1 missing)50(95)59(67)1.44 (0.90 to 2.30) (p=0.30)
Current visit and previous health service contact
Hospital siteSite 147(91)54(62)
Site 253(101)46(52)0.76 (0.47 to 1.20) (p=0.24)
How referredSelf-referral (9 missing)55(106)50(57)0.85 (0.53 to 1.36) (p=0.49)
GP contact (previous 6 months)None7(14)6(7)
1–2512(97)48(55)1.13 (0.43 to 2.98)
≥3 (8 missing)40(77)42(48)1.25 (0.47 to 3.31) (p=0.60)
Public health nurse (6 months)No72(139)49(56)
Yes (2 missing)27(51)51(58)2.82 (1.73 to 4.60) (p<0.001)
Hospital admission (6 months)072(139)36(41)
1–224(47)29(33)2.38 (1.35 to 4.19)
≥33(6)35(40)22.6 (8.95 to 57.0) (p<0.001, trend <0.001)
Current hospital admissionNo55(105)38(43)
Yes (5 missing)45(87)62(71)1.99 (1.24 to 3.19) (p=0.004)
Alternative to EDNone80(153)78(89)
Community19(35)21(24)1.17 (0.65 to 2.11) (p=0.65)
  • * Mantel–Haenszel χ2.

  • Cochran–Armitage test for trend.

  • ED, emergency department.