Table 2

Physical, cogitative and social network assessment of study population

Non-repeat ED visitRepeat ED visit
N=192N=114Univariate logistic regression
%(n)%(n)OR (95% CI) (p value)*
Triage category1–29(17)15(17)
3–4 (3 missing)90(173)84(96)0.55 (0.27 to 1.14) (p=0.10)
NHP energy level0–3365(124)51(58)
34–6623(44)35(40)1.94 (1.14 to 3.30)
67–10013(24)14(16)1.42 (0.70 to 2.89) (p=0.07)
NHP pain0–3377(148)76(87)
34–6614(26)15(17)1.11 (0.57 to 2.17)
67–100 (11 missing)6(11)5(6)0.93 (0.33 to 2.60) (p=0.95)
NHP physical ability0–3374(142)53(60)
34–6618(35)31(36)2.43 (1.40 to 4.24)
67–100 (11 missing)5(10)11(12)2.84 (1.16 to 6.93) (p <0.001, trend <0.001)
Sleep0–3366(126)56(64)
34–6619(37)22(25)1.33 (0.74 to 2.40)
67–100 (6 missing)13(25)20(23)1.81 (0.95 to 3.44) (p=0.06, trend 0.06)
Social isolation0–3383(159)81(93)
34–669(18)11(13)1.23 (0.58 to 2.63)
67–100 (11 missing)4(7)4(5)1.22 (0.38 to 3.96) (p=0.57)
MMSE≥ 2490(174)91(104)
<24 (5 missing)7(13)9(10)1.29 (0.55 to 3.04) (p=0.56)
HADS anxiety0–777(147)65(74)
8–1010(20)20(23)2.28 (1.18 to 4.42)
≥11 (seven missing)10(20)12(14)1.39 (0.66 to 2.91) (p=0.09)
HADS depression0–786(166)70(80)
8–107(13)14(16)2.55 (1.17 to 5.57)
≥11 (7 missing)5(9)13(15)3.46 (1.45 to 8.24) (p<0.001, trend <0.001)
Network typeRobust83(160)77(88)
Vulnerable§ (5 missing)14(27)23(26)1.75 (0.96 to 3.18) (p=0.06)
  • * Mantel–Haenszel χ2.

  • Cochran–Armitage test for trend.

  • Robust networks=family dependent, local integrated, wider community focused, (community or family support).

  • § Vulnerable network=local self-contained, private restrictive (low levels of support).

  • ED, emergency department; HADS, hospital anxiety and depression scale; MMSE, mini mental status evaluation; NHP, Nottingham health profile.