Table 5

Work environment in relation to burnout and intent to leave the profession (ITL) among Emergency physicians and among a representative sample of French salaried physicians

Crude comparisonsITL according to personal characteristicsBurnout according to personal characteristics
Repres sampleEmergency physicianspRepres sampleEmergency physiciansRepres sampleEmergency physicians
N%pN%pN%pN%p
Influence at work
 High52.3%39.6%***98312.0***21011.4***99232.0***21139.8***
 Medium32.3%35.6%60819.419124.159751.119155.5
 Low15.4%24.8%29032.413133.627362.313264.4
 N191153618813211862534
Quantitative demand
 Low8.5%3.2%***16015.6***1711.8**16114.3***1711.8***
 Medium45.7%39.6%85013.921114.785932.821239.2
 High45.8%57.2%85221.630326.783257.930462.8
 N189253518625311852533
Interpersonal relationship within teams
 Friendly68.2%65.0%ns109412.9***34517.4**107636.7***34546.4***
 Hostile-tense31.8%35.0%50927.918528.650456.718761.0
 N162453416035301580532
Quality of teamwork
 High31.6%22.5%***5687.6***1154.3***54622.9***11425.4***
 Medium44.9%48.0%81014.024418.480842.124650.0
 Low23.5%29.5%42238.215141.141968.315076.0
 N182551218005101773510
Relationships with administration
 Friendly59.8%53.0%**111212.1***28115.3***108335.7***28140.6***
 Hostile-tense40.2%47.0%74425.524928.575252.425163.3
 N188553418565301835532
Harassment by superiors
 Seldom81.2%83.9%ns150215.1***44416.9***150339.0***44749.4*
 Monthly or +18.8%16.1%34727.18644.232259.08662.8
 N187753518495301825533
Violence from patients or their relatives
 Seldom72.5%30.7%***135115.6***16516.4ns132937.2***16536.4***
 Monthly or +27.5%69.3%51522.136823.651355.837158.2
 N189553818665331842536
Worried about making mistakes
 Seldom41.8%29.2%***79011.9***15712.7**77131.0***15641.0**
 Often58.2%70.8%109921.437625.0109450.537955.9
 N191953718895331865535
Satisfaction with handover shifts
 Yes31.1%34.4%***57311.5***17510.3***57533.9***17742.4**
 No39.3%62.5%71623.531926.371753.331956.7
 Does not apply29.6%3.1%50216.91533.349836.71637.5
 N185951417915091790512
Satisfaction with work space
 Adapted45.9%24.8%***86614.7*13218.2ns84835.0***13346.6ns
 Small or bad repartition27.9%33.2%52620.717523.451948.917758.8
 Small & bad repartition26.2%42.0%49318.722421.449248.222448.7
 N191353618855311859534
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001; ns, not significant.