Table 5

Study population versus the original validation set

Study population (n=331)Validation set of Shapiro et al12 (n=1109)
Age, mean (SD)63.4 (17.3)61.0 (19.9)
Male sex, %50.847.6
Nursing home resident, %9.412.8
Terminal illness, %15.17.4
Cerebrovascular disease, %6.99.7
Congestive heart failure, %6.914.8
Diabetes, %18.922.5
HIV, %1.57.0
Malignancy, %35.519.1
Overall mortality, %11.55.7
Distribution per MEDS category, % (mortality %)
 ≤4 (very low risk)38.4 (3.1)41.1 (1.1)
 5–7 (low risk)28.4 (5.3)24.6 (4.4)
 8–12 (moderate risk)24.5 (17.3)27.1 (9.3)
 13–15 (high risk)6.4 (40.0)5.0 (16.1)
 >15 (very high risk)2.7 (77.8)2.1 (39.0)
  • MEDS, Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis.