Table 1

Factors associated with repeated deliberate self-harm within 6 months after the index episode and area under the curve to identify the predictive ability

Individuals*RepetitionUnadjusted 6 monthsArea under the curve
Number%OR95% CIp ValueArea95% CIp Value
Sociodemographic factors
 Gender
  Female99021.81.31.0 to 1.70.040.5310.50 to 0.570.092
  Male53417.41.0
 Age at index
  18–2435822.61.10.7 to 1.60.490.5020.46 to 0.540.934
  25–3433917.40.80.5 to 1.2
  35–4430319.10.90.6 to 1.3
  45–5424521.21.00.7 to 1.5
  >5527921.11.0
 Marital status
  Married/partner27216.51.0
  Divorced30916.51.00.6 to 1.50.390.5420.51 to 0.580.022
  Widowed7225.01.70.9 to 3.1
  Single87122.41.41.0 to 2.1
 Housing status
  Living with family37014.91.0
  Single with children28120.31.51.0 to 2.20.20.5430.51 to 0.580.023
  Living alone85321.71.61.1 to 2.2
 Parent with young children
  No137621.11.91.2 to 3.2 0.010.5240.49 to 0.560.185
  Yes14812.21.0
 Unemployed
  No139920.91.0
  Yes12512.80.60.3 to 1.00.030.5190.48 to 0.550.303
 Disability pension
  No115218.61.0
  Yes37225.51.51.1 to 2.0<0.010.5400.50 to 0.580.031
 Education level
  <9 years46822.01.10.8 to 1.60.40.5170.48 to 0.560.379
  11–12 years65218.70.90.6 to 1.3
  >12 years27119.91.0
 
Treatment and previous self-harm
 Current psychiatric treatment
  No83316.61.0
  Yes, open care65523.41.51.2 to 2.0<0.010.5710.54 to 0.61<0.01
  Yes, admitted3650.05.02.6 to 9.9
 Previous psychiatric treatment
  No98418.71.0
  Yes, <1 year16428.71.71.2 to 2.50.020.5230.49 to 0.560.211
  Yes, >1 year17423.01.30.9 to 1.9
  Yes, no time point20218.81.00.7 to 1.5
 Previous self-harm
  No114217.61.0
  Yes38228.31.81.4 to 2.4<0.010.5620.52 to 0.60<0.01
 Previous abuse
  No146520.11.0
  Yes5925.41.40.7 to 2.50.30.5060.47 to 0.540.738
 Antidepressant treatment
  No84415.91.0
  Yes68025.71.81.4 to 2.4<0.010.5750.54 to 0.61<0.01
 
Index episode, method of self-harm
 Self-injury (cutting)
  No134419.61.0
  Yes18025.01.40.9 to 2.00.10.5170.48 to 0.550.348
 Self-poisoning
  No21524.71.0
  Yes130919.60.70.5 to 1.00.10.5190.48 to 0.560.299
 Self-poisoning/benzodiazepines
  No93519.31.0
  Yes58921.91.20.9 to 1.50.20.5190.48 to 0.560.291
 Self-poisoning/propiomazine
  No132019.71.0
  Yes20424.01.30.9 to 1.80.20.5160.48 to 0.550.399
 Self-poisoning/paracetamol
  No131920.51.0
  Yes20518.50.90.6 to 1.30.50.5070.47 to 0.540.694
 Self-poisoning/antidepressants
  No130620.31.0
  Yes21820.21.00.7 to 1.41.00.5000.46 to 0.540.982
 Self-poisoning/opiates
  No144019.91.0
  Yes8426.21.40.9 to 2.40.20.5100.47 to 0.550.584
 Other method of self-harm
  No146120.11.0
  Yes6325.41.40.8 to 2.40.30.5070.47 to 0.540.722
 Self-injury, operated
  No150319.81.0
  Yes2157.15.42.3 to 13<0.010.5160.48 to 0.550.393
 
Precipitants of index episode and circumstances of index episode
 Precipitant event
  No72322.81.0
  Relations43313.90.50.4 to 0.8<0.010.5160.48 to 0.550.390
  Legal8815.90.60.4 to 1.2
  Phys/psyc.20225.71.20.8 to 1.7
  Miscarriage6822.11.00.5 to 1.7
  Abuse1030.01.40.4 to 5.7
 Alcohol use in self-harm
  No89820.01.0
  Yes62620.61.00.8 to 1.30.80.5040.47 to 0.540.819
 Avoided discovery
  No142120.51.0
  Yes10317.50.80.5 to 1.40.50.5060.47 to 0.540.750
 Planned self-harm
  No129719.51.0
  Yes22724.71.41.0 to 1.90.080.5200.48 to 0.560.271
 Suicide intention
  No84119.41.0
  Yes68321.41.10.9 to 1.50.30.5150.48 to 0.550.407
 Suicide note
  No140820.31.0
  Yes11619.81.00.6 to 1.60.90.5010.46 to 0.540.954
 Compulsory admission
  No136519.91.0
  Yes15923.91.30.9 to 1.90.20.5120.48 to 0.550.525
  • *Total number of patients does not always add up to 1524 for all factors owing to partly missing data. Phys/psyc; physical/psyciatric.