Table 1

Data for patients who activated hospital and emergency department (ED) trauma teams

VariableHospital trauma call (n=98)ED trauma call (n=358)p Value
Age44 (25, 59)34 (20, 55)
TARN eligible62 (63.3%)73 (20.4%)<0.01*
ISS (TARN eligible only)22 (11.5, 29)13 (9, 22)<0.01**
ISS 0–845 (45.9%)304 (84.9%)

<0.01***
ISS 9–1511 (11.2%)23 (6.4%)
ISS 16–2416 (16.3%)15 (4.2%)
ISS >2426 (26.5%)16 (4.5%)
Mechanism of injury
 Stabbing7 (7.1%) 3 (0.8%)


<0.01***
 Fall>2 m24 (24.5%)131 (36.6%)
 Fall<2 m1 (1.0%)16 (4.5%)
 RTC 59 (60.2%)179 (50.0%)
 Blunt assault3 (3.1%)16 (4.5%)
 Other4 (4.1%)13 (3.6%)
Process
 TT led by consultant96 (98.0%)254 (71.0%)<0.01*
 Primary survey X-ray not required3 (3.1%)41 (11.4%)<0.01*
 Time to primary survey X-ray (min)7 (4, 11)8 (6, 11)0.05**
 Underwent a CT scan92 (93.9%)310 (86.6%)<0.01*
 Time to whole-body CT (min)41 (33, 58)51 (40, 66)<0.01**
 Time to head CT (min)57 (40, 75)57 (42, 71)0.945**
 Intubated21 (21.4%) 4 (1.1%)<0.01*
 Blood products required13 (13.3%)0 (0.0%)<0.01*
Outcome
 Discharged home from ED7 (7.1%)142 (39.7%)

<0.01***
 Admitted to ward53 (55.8%)199 (55.7%)
 Admitted to theatre/ICU35 (36.8%)16 (4.5%)
 ICU admission30 (30.6%)13 (3.6%)<0.01*
 Survival to discharge94 (95.9%)352 (98.3%)0.150*
  • Values are median (IQR) or n(%).

  • *Fisher's exact test.

  • **Mann–Whitney U test.

  • ***χ2 analysis.

  • ICU, intensive care unit; ISS, injury severity score; TARN, Trauma Audit Research Network.