Table 2

Comparison of initial GCS between young and older patients by severity of traumatic brain injury (abbreviated injury score (AIS)) and mechanism of injury

Age under 65Age 65 or older
Mechanism of injuryAIS headNMedian (IQR) GCSNMedian (IQR) GCSp Value
Fall < 2 m369513 (13–15)113615 (14–15)<0.001
4120514 (12–15)332815 (14–15)<0.001
596513 (7–15)315514 (10–15)<0.001
Fall >2 m373814 (11–15)38514 (12–15)0.548
496613 (8–15)73414 (11–15)<0.001
57818 (3–13)70010 (5–14)<0.001
RTC—driver/passenger363914 (9–15)7115 (12–15)0.009
457812 (7–14)8914 (13–15)<0.001
54807 (4–12)6214 (10–15)<0.001
RTC—pedestrian/cyclist3104114 (11–15)21014 (12–15)0.196
4110414 (8–15)34314 (10–15)0.382
58738 (4–14)32011 (5–14)<0.001
Other3149814 (11–15)7914 (12–15)0.466
4151214 (9–15)14614 (11–15)0.008*
5107110 (5–14)17814 (7–15)<0.001
Overall3461114 (11–15)188115 (13–15)<0.001
4536514 (9–15)464014 (13–15)<0.001*
541709 (4–14)441514 (8–15)<0.001
  • *Significance is due to distribution/spread.