Table 3

Summary of reported outcomes of included studies

Study designBACCTCohortRCT
Primary and secondary outcome measuresTotalChoi
et al15
Crane
et al30
French et al17Grant
et al16
Han
et al18
Imperato
et al20
Imperato
et al19
Patel
and Vinson21
Richardson
et al22
Rogg
et al23
Shetty
et al24
Soremekun
et al 2012a25
Soremekun
et al 2012b26
Soremekun
et al27
Travers and Lee28White
et al29
Partovi
et al39
Terris
et al38
Asha
and Ajam 31
Baumann
et al33
Burstrom
et al32
Cheng
et al34
Davis
et al37
Holroyd
et al35
Subash
et al36
LOS (min)19 XXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Waiting time (min)13 XXXX XXXXXXX XX
LWBS (%)*14XX XXXXXXXXXX XX
LWTC (%)4XXXX
Patient satisfaction6XXXXXX
Mortality (%)2XX
Re-attendance (%)3XXX
  • *In three American studies, LWBS is defined as the proportion of patients who left without being seen as well as those who left without their treatment complete. 18 ,20 ,33

  • BA, before and after study; CCT, clinical controlled trail; LOS, length of stay; LWBS, left without being seen; LWTC, left without treatment complete; RCT, randomised controlled trial.