Table 2

Characteristics of study population

Number of patients127 233
Gender (n (%))
 Male70 747 (55.6%)
 Female56 486 (44.4%)
Injury Severity Score (median (IQR))9 (9–16)
Age (years) (median (IQR))61.4 (43.1–80.0)
30-Day outcome (n (%))
 Alive119 967 (94.3%)
 Dead7266 (5.7%)
Mode of injury (n (%))
 Blunt122 802 (96.5%)
 Penetrating4431 (3.5%)
Mechanism of injury (n (%))
 RTC27 915 (21.9%)
 Crush935 (0.7%)
 Amputation (total+partial)123 (0.1%)
 Fall>2 m18 141 (14.3%)
 Fall<2 m68 354 (53.7%)
 Shooting332 (0.3%)
 Stabbing2899 (2.3%)
 Blast77 (0.1%)
 Blow(s)5833 (4.6%)
 Burns105 (0.1%)
 Other2519 (2.0%)
Injury body region (n (%))
 Abdomen8010 (4.2%)
 Face13 402 (7.1%)
 Head30 167 (15.9%)
 Limb73 755 (38.9%)
 Spine28 942 (15.3%)
 Thorax31 499 (16.6%)
 Other3731 (2.0%)
Priority One (N (%))
 Priority One24 791 (19.5%)
 Not Priority One102 442 (80.5%)
Life-saving interventions (LSI) by type (n (% total LSI))42 610
 Intubation and ventilatory support8813 (20.7%)
 Blood administration (≥4 units)2077 (4.9%)
median 6 (IQR 4–11)
 Thoracocentesis (needle/tube)8158 (19.1%)
 External haemorrhage control235 (0.6%)
 Intraosseous access39 (0.1%)
 Tranexamic acid4246 (10.0%)
 Laparotomy2644 (6.2%)
 Thoracotomy1123 (2.6%)
 Proximal vascular control290 (0.7%)
 Interventional radiology200 (0.5%)
 Pelvic binder1166 (2.7%)
 ACLS protocols374 (0.9%)
 Neurosurgery1553 (3.5%)
 Spinal nursing3114 (7.3%)
 Seizure termination390 (0.9%)
 Low BM correction83 (0.2%)
 Rewarming471 (1.1%)
  • ACLS, advanced cardiovascular life support; LSI, life-saving intervention; RTC, road traffic crashes.