Table 3

Procedures and complications among groups according to sheath size in 24-hour survivors

Procedures and complicationsSmall group (n=53)Large group (n=25)Unusual group (n=3)P value*
Access method, n (%)0.79
 Percutaneous blindly45 (85)24 (96)3 (100)
 US-guided3 (5.7)0 (0)0 (0)
 Cut down2 (3.8)0 (0)0 (0)
 Fluoroscopy-guided3 (5.7)1 (4.0)0 (0)
 Sheath placement duration, hour19 (11–27)7.5 (3.0–18)N/A0.025
Removal of the sheath†, n (%)<0.001
 External manual compression50 (96)9 (45)1 (33)
 Surgical repair2 (3.8)11 (55)2 (67)
Access-related complications, n (%)
 Dissection1 (1.9)0 (0)0 (0)
 Pseudoaneurysm0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Massive haematoma1 (1.9)0 (0)0 (0)
 Retroperitoneal haematoma0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Thromboembolism0 (0)1 (4.0)0 (0)
 Leg ischaemia0 (0)0 (0)2 (67)
Treatment for complication, n (%)
 Fasciotomy0 (0)0 (0)2 (67)
 Amputation0 (0)0 (0)2 (67)
 PTA0 (0)1 (4.0)0 (0)
  • The data are presented as median (25th–75th centile) for continuous variables or as absolute number (%) for categorical data.

  • *P values were calculated using the Mann–Whitney U test and Fisher’s exact test for the difference between the small and large groups.

  • †Sheaths were not removed in one case in the small group and five cases in the large group. Results are shown for the remaining cases (52 in the small group, 20 in the large group and 3 in the unusual group).

  • PTA, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty; US, ultrasound.