Table 5

Risk factors related to lack of hand hygiene* compliance among emergency medical service providers

Potential risk factorsObserved number of non-compliancesUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis†
OR95% CIP valueOR95% CIP value
Advanced-care level872/11461.91.4 to 2.70.0001.71.1 to 2.40.007
Female428/11461.20.9 to 1.70.1761.30.9 to 1.90.107
Wearing gloves708/114625.014 to 450.00045.010.8 to 187.80.000
  • *Either hand wash or hand rub.

  • †Including an interaction term between ‘wearing gloves and educational level’ (interaction non-significant, p=0.309).