Table 1

Trauma cases reported to TARN, 10–24 years, England, 2008–2017, displayed by subgroup and total cohort

10–1516–24Total
 Cases791432 76640 680
 Male, n (%)5647 (71.4)25 792 (78.7)31 439 (77.3)
 Female, n (%)2267 (28.6)6974 (21.3)9241 (22.7)
 Mean age (SD)13.3 (1.70)20.7 (2.5)19.2 (3.7)
Mechanism of injury, n (%)
 RTC3786 (47.8)16 663 (50.9)20 449 (50.3)
 Driver44 (1.2)3811 (22.9)3855 (18.9)
 Passenger402 (10.6)2956 (17.8)3358 (16.5)
 Pedestrian1558 (41.2)2343 (14.1)3901 (19.1)
 Motorcyclist*412 (10.9)5390 (32.4)5802 (28.4)
 Cyclist1234 (32.6)1486 (8.9)2720 (13.3)
 Other†133 (3.5)644 (3.9)777 (3.8)
 Fall >2 m895 (11.3)3798 (11.6)4693 (11.5)
 Fall <2 m1775 (22.4)3247 (9.9)5022 (12.3)
 Shooting38 (0.5)411 (1.3)449 (1.1)
 Stabbing235 (3)2783 (8.5)3018 (7.4)
 Blast‡/blow(s)§741 (9.4)4583 (14)5324 (13.1)
 Other¶450 (5.7)1286 (3.9)1736 (4.3)
Injury intent, n (%)
 Alleged assault418 (5.3)6569 (20.0)6987 (17.2)
 Suspected self-harm202 (2.6)1235 (3.8)1437 (3.51)
 PMH PSYCH, n (%)
 Yes335 (4.2)2314 (7.1)2649 (6.5)
Evidence of alcohol/drug use, n (%)
 Alcohol171 (2.2)6476 (19.8)6647 (16.3)
 Drugs52 (0.7)1497 (4.6)1549 (3.8)
Injuries, n (%)
 Polytrauma**831 (10.5)6107 (18.6)6938 (17.1)
 Isolated injury7083 (89.5)26 659 (81.4)33 742 (82.9)
Outcome
 Died, n (%)234 (3.2)1346 (4.4)1580 (4.1)
 Rehab, n (%)2237 (28.3)10 863 (33.2)13 100 (32.2)
 Median no of operations (IQR)1 (1–1)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)
  • *All forms of motored bike.

  • †Other includes pillion passengers, mass transport passengers, mobility scooter and unknown.

  • ‡Defined as an explosion.

  • §Defined as blunt contact, eg, punch/kick.

  • ¶Other includes crush injuries, burns, asphyxia, drowning, dog bites.

  • **Defined as AIS 3+ injuries in more than one body area.

  • AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; PMH, psychiatric mental health; TARN, Trauma Audit Research Network.