Table 1

Comparison of baseline characteristics of participants

Characteristic*Fluid bolus group, n=35Control group, n=23
 % Female57.173.9
 Mean age (years)32.3±14.131.7±14.7
Ethnicity
 % Hispanic34.321.7
Race
 % White54.360.9
 % Black40.034.8
Mean initial pain score (0–100)72.3±23.871.5±26.3
Mean initial nausea score (0–100)32.2±37.842.9±34.6
% Vomiting with headache31.430.4
  • *Plus-minus values are ±SD.