Table 2

Frequency (%) of all symptoms reported for false negative stroke patients

Kothari et al (1999)5Smith et al (1999)15Kidwell et al (2000)12Bray et al (2005)24Mosley et al (2007)25Bray et al (2010)26Chen et al (2013)27Brandler et al (2015)18Andersson et al (2018)29Oostema et al (2019)20
Symptoms n (%)
 Facial droop4 (9)27 (12)
 Arm weakness/drift14 (32)
 Leg weakness/drift1 (25)
 Arm/leg weakness/drift69 (32)
 Facial droop or arm weakness81 (38)
 Speech problems10 (23)1 (13)61 (28)35 (78)
 Visual disturbance/impairment2 (15)2 (29)28 (13)11 (6)
 Ataxia3 (23)2 (25)13 (30)
 Dizziness3 (23)2 (25)77 (27)4 (9)
 Vertigo3 (23)--96 (44)7 (16)
 Nausea or vomiting3 (38)22 (8)64 (29)5 (12)
 Sensory deficit
 Headache1 (13)40 (14)40 (18)9 (21)
 Unilateral weakness4 (31)22 (48.9)
 Mental status changes1 (8)6 (19)2 (25)34 (12)8 (19)
 Change in conscious level2 (6)1 (13)
 Hypoglycaemia1 (14)
 Seizure2 (6)12 (4)
 Quadriparesis6 (2)
 Bilateral weakness2 (50)
 Weakness other--91 (32)
 Ophthalmoplegia1 (25)
 Fever1 (13)
 Incontinence2 (25)
 Fall2 (25)