Table 2

Study and population characteristics

Study characteristicsPopulation characteristics
No of patients (N=)CountryTrainingExperienceAgeTrauma mechanism (%)Incidence of fractures (%)
Weinberg36 21USA1 hourNRMedian 13 yNR10
Riera37 40USANR1 mo to 10 yMedian 2 y (2 mo to 17 y)NR15
Parri35 55Italy1 hour16 hoursMean 5 y (2 mo to 14 y)Fall (71)64
Rabiner38 69USA1 hourvariableMean 7 y (7 days to 21 y)NR12
Choi39 87South Korea1 hourvariableMean 21 mo (2 mo to 48 mo)Fall <0.9 m (67)15
Parri40 115Italy, USATwo videos and skillsvariableMean 8 mo (SD 6)Fall from elevation (75)77
Masaeli34 538IranTheory and skills workshopNRMean 6 y (SD 5, range 0–18 y)Fall (44), motor vehicle accidents (15), other (41)14
  • mo, months; NR, not reported; y, year.