Table 3

Factors associated with close contact in the workplace

Participant characteristicsWere not in close contact with colleagues in the workplace (n=210)Were in close contact with colleagues in the workplace (n=621)OR (95% CI) for being in close contact with a colleagueAdjusted OR (95% CI)* for being in close contact with a colleague
Sector †
Private74 (39.2)115 (60.8)ReferenceReference
Public137 (21.3)506 (78.7)2.39 (1.69 to 3.38)‡2.43 (1.66 to 3.56)‡
My workplace has clear markings which help me stay 2 m away from other people, mean (±SD)§3.10 (±1.34)2.51 (±1.24)0.70 (0.62 to 0.79)‡0.71 (0.62 to 0.80)‡
I have received adequate training in my workplace for the purposes of health and safety during the COVID-19 pandemic (ie, correct use of PPE and social distancing), mean (±SD)§3.88 (±1.05)3.42 (±1.20)0.69 (0.60 to 0.80)‡0.69 (0.59 to 0.81)‡
The way my workplace is designed makes it easy for me to stay 2 m away from other people, mean (±SD)§3.09 (±1.23)2.04 (±1.08)0.49 (0.42 to 0.56)‡0.49 (0.42 to 0.57)‡
Perceived ease of physical distancing in the workplace, mean (±SD) (range 0 (most easy) to 30 (most difficult))12.68 (±5.99)18.28 (±5.99)1.16 (1.13 to 1.20)‡1.16 (1.12 to 1.20)‡
Perceived credibility of information from the NHS about PPE, mean (±SD) (range 4 (lowest) to 20 (highest))13.44 (±2.20)(n=185)12.61 (±2.34)(n=558)0.85 (0.79 to 0.92)‡0.88 (0.82 to 0.95)‡
As far as I’m aware, there are people from my workplace who have been seriously ill with COVID-19, mean (±SD)§2.91 (±1.47)3.45 (±1.32)1.33 (1.19 to 1.49)‡1.22 (1.07 to 1.38)‡
I feel safe from COVID-19 at work, mean (±SD)§3.37 (±0.97)2.92 (±1.06)0.65 (0.55 to 0.76)‡0.67 (0.57 to 0.80)‡
There is no point bothering with PPE around colleagues or social distancing if you already have a lot of contact with COVID-19 patients, mean (±SD)§1.65 (±0.82)1.99 (±0.94)1.59 (1.31 to 1.93)‡1.52 (1.24 to 1.87)‡
Social distancing around colleagues at work is an effective way to protect against COVID-19, mean (±SD)§4.11 (±0.75)3.68 (±0.89)0.52 (0.42 to 0.65)‡0.56 (0.45 to 0.69)‡
If I don’t maintain social distancing at work, my colleagues will notice, mean (±SD)§3.92 (±0.96)3.31 (±1.08)0.55 (0.46 to 0.65)‡0.57 (0.47 to 0.68)‡
  • For continuous variables, where N is the same as the column heading, it is not reported in individual cells.

  • *Adjusting for sex, age, region of place of work, sector, work setting and face-to-face contact with patients or service users.

  • †The number of valid cases in the table is different from the total count due to the use of weighted data and rounding errors.

  • ‡P≤0.002 (applying Bonferroni correction).

  • §Five-point scale: 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree.

  • PPE, personal protective equipment.