Table 3

Categorisation of parameters in the prediction models

ModelDemographicsVital signsInterventionsTriagePrevious care contactsChief complaintDrug useMobility and dependencyED entranceProfessional assessment
Alam et al 28 NEWSXX
Brouns et al 26 MTSXX
Cameron et al 19 and Cameron et al 18 GAPSXXXXXX
Cameron et al 18 VASX
Di Bari et al 20 and Salvi et al 21 ISARXXXX
Di Bari et al 20 SCXXX
Grossmann et al 27 ESIX
Kraaijvanger et al 24 Own modelXXXX
Lucke et al 25 Adult modelXXXXXXX
Lucke et al 25 Older patient modelXXXXXXX
Noel et al 22 TNPX
Noel et al 22 Own modelXXXX
Noel et al 22 TNP+own modelXXXXX
Salvi et al 21 TRSTXXXX
Zlotnik et al 23 Own model LRXXXX
Zlotnik et al 23 Own model ANNXXXX
  • Online supplemental appendix B.

  • ANN, Artificial Neural Network; AVPU, Alert, Verbal, Pain, Unresponsive; ESI, Emergency Severity Index; GAPS, Glasgow Admission Prediction Score; GP, general practitioner; ISAR, Identification of Seniors At Risk; LR, logistic regression; MTS, Manchester Triage System; NEWS, National Early Warning Score; SC, Silver Code; TNP, Triage Nurse Prediction; TRST, Triage Risk Screening Tool; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.