Abstract 1427 Table 1

Comparison of demographics ‘lockdown’ and pre-COVID periods

PeriodPeriod
24Mar19 – 03Jul19 (comparator)24Mar20 – 03Jul20 (lockdown 1)Absolute change [percentage point change (95%CI)] p-value01Nov18 – 16May19 (comparator)01Nov20 – 16May21 (lockdown 1)Absolute change [percentage point change (95%CI)] p-value
Total2224317510-4733 (-21%)p<0.0001‡41016382622754 (–6.7%)p<0.0001‡
Age (years), Median (IQR)67.6 (46.5–83.1)70.9 (50.3–84.2)3.3 (2.4 to 4.2)p<0.000169.1 (48.7–83.6)73.1 (53.3–85.1)4 (3.5 to 4.2)<0.0001
Age bands, n(%)
Age< 1138 (0.6%)130 (0.7%)-8 [0.1(-0.04 to 0.030)] p=0.14 281 (0.7%)234 (0.6%)-47 [0.1 (-0.2 to 0.04)]p=0.1979
Age <16942 (4.2%)674 (3.8%)-268 [-0.4 (-0.8 to 0]p=0.05311444 (3.5%)1218 (3.2%)-226 [-0.3(-0.6 to – 0.1)p=0.0084
Age 16 – 649561 (43%)6974 (39.8%)-2587 [-3.2(-4.1 to -2.2)P<0.000117173 (41.9%)13980 (36.5%)-3193 [-5.3(-6 to -5)]p<0.0001
Age 65 and over11740 (52.8%)9862 (56.3%)-1878 [3.5 (2.5 to 4.5)]p<0.000122399 (54.6%)23064 (60.3%)665 [5.7(5 to 6.3)]P<0.0001
Age 85 and over4610 (20.7%)4047 (23.1%)-563 [2.4(1.6 to 3.2)]p<0.00018903 (21.7%)9731 (25.4%)828 [3.7 (3.1 to 4.3)]p<0.0001
Male, n(%)12316 (55.4%)9512 (54.3%)-2804 [-1 (-2 to -0.6)]p=0.037322146 (54%)19769 (51.7%)-2377 [-2.3 (-3 to -1.6)]<0.0001
CCI*, n(%)
CCI 09359 (42.1%)6220 (35.5%)-3139 [ -6.5 (-7.5 to -5.6)] p<0.000116665 (40.6%)12806 (33.5%)-3859 [-7.1(-7.8 to -6.5)]p<0.0001
CCI 1 – 58538 (38.4%)6896 (39.4%)-1642 [1 (0.3 to 2)]p=0.042615899 (38.8%)15667 (40.9%)-232 [2.2 (1.5 to 2.9)]p<0.0001
CCI 6 – 103032 (13.6%)3061 (17.5%)29 [3.8 (3.2 to 4.6)]p<0.00015987 (14.6%)6863 (17.9%)876 [3.3(2.8 to 3.8)]p<0.0001
CCI > 10927 (4.2%)1024 (5.8%)97 [1.7(1.2 to 2.1)]p<0.00011648 (4%)2410 (6.3%)762 [2.3(2 to 2.6)]p<0.0001
Not recorded387 (1.7%)309 (1.8%)-88 [0.2 (-0.2 to 0.3)]p=0.8513817 (2%)516 (1.3%)-301 [-0.6(-0.8 to -0.5)]p<0.0001
MOI**: RTC, n(%)
Car occupant1247 (30.7%)551 (20.4%)-696 [-10.4(-12.4 to -8.2)]p<0.00012485 (35.2%)1551 (31.3%)-934 [-3.9(-5.6 to -2.2)]p<0.0001
Pedestrian661 (16.3%)288 (10.6%)-373 [-5.6 (-7.2 to -4)]p<0.00011629 (23.1%)962 (19.4%)-667 [-3.7(-5.1 to -2.2)]p<0.0001
Motorcycles1196 (29.4%)711 (26.3%)-485 [-3.2(-5.3 to -1)]p<0.00011524 (21.6%)976 (19.7%)-548[ -1.9(-3.3 to -0.4)]p<0.0001
Cyclist912 (22.4%)1139 (42.1%)227 [19.6(17.4 to 21.9)]p<0.00011315 (18.6%)1396 (28.2%)81 [9.5(8 to 11.1)]p<0.0001
Other11 (0.3%)<9 ()-10 [ -0.2(-0.4 to -0.06)p=0.025131 (0.4%)10 (0.2%)-21 [-0.23(-0.4 to -0.04)]p=0.0281
MOI: Intentional, n(%)
Intentional assault130 (0.6%)88 (0.5%)-42 [-0.08 (-0.2 to 0.06)]p=0.2724227 (0.6%)175 (0.5%)-52 [-0.1(-0.2 to 0.002)]P=0.0570
Self harm276 (1.2%)284 (1.6%)8 [0.4 (0.1 to 0.6)]p=0.0014525 (1.3%)562 (1.5%)37 [0.2 (0.02 to 0.3)]p=0.0223
NAI63 (0.3%)27 (0.2%)-36 [-0.1(-0.2 to -0.03)]p=0.007297 (0.2%)90 (0.2%)-7 [-0.001(-0.07 to 0.07)]p=0.9701
Shooting34 (0.2%)40 (0.2%)6 [0.08(-0.01 to 0.2)]p=0.082680 (0.2%)56 (0.1%)-24 [ -0.05(-0.1 to 0.001)]p=0.0979
Stabbing450 (2%)312 (1.8%)-138 [-0.2(-0.5 to 0.03)]p=0.0816791 (1.9%)589 (1.5%)-202 [-0.4 (-0.6 to -0.2)]p<0.0001
Blows1174 (5.3%)647 (3.7%)-527 [-1.6(-1.9 to -1.2)]p<0.00012059 (5%)1299 (3.4%)-760 [-1.6(-1.9 to -1.3)]p<0.0001
Unintentional, n(%)
Falls>2m2055 (9.2%)1757 (10%)-298 [0.8(0.2 to 1.4)]P=0.00753740 (9,1%)3528 (9.2%)-212 [0.1(-0.3 to 0.5)]p=0.6181
Falls<2m13384 (60.2%)11314 (64.6%)-2070 [4.4 (3.5 to 5.4)]p<0.000125505 (62.2%)26203 (65.8%)698 [6.3 (5.6 to 6.9)]p<0.0001
Sport449 (2%)320 (1.8%)-129 [-0.2 (-0.5 to 0.01]p=0.1697615 (1.5%)489 (1.3%)-126 [-0.2 (-0.4 to -0.006)]p=0.0079
GCS bands , n(%)
Mild19609 (88.2%)15449 (88.2%)4160 [0.1 (-0.6 to 0.7)]p=0.826435831 (87.4%)34051 (89%)-1780 [1.6 (1.2 to 2.1)]p<0.0001
Moderate689 (3.1%)625 (3.6%)-64 [0.5(0.1 to 0.8)]p=0.00901333 (3.2%)1127 (2.9%)-206 [-0.3 (-0.5 to -0.06)]p=0.0135
Severe955 (4.3%)765 (4.4%)-190 [0.1 (-0.3 to 0.5)]p=0.71361886 (4.6%)1464 (3.8%)-422 [-0.8(-1 to -0.5)]p<0.0001
Not recorded990 (4.5%)671 (3.8%)-319 [ -0.6(-1 to -0.2)]p=0.00221966 (4.8%)1620 (4.2%)-346 [-0.6(-0.8 to -0.3)]p=0.0002
ISS***, median (IQR)9 (9–18)9 (9–18)09 (9–18)9 (9–17)0
ISS bands, n(%)
ISS 1 – 84545 (20.4%)3062 (17.5%)-1483 [-3 (-4 to -2)]p=<0.00018266 (20.2%)7838 (20.5%)-428 [0.3(-0.2 to 0.9)]p=0.2457
ISS 9 – 159290 (41.8%)7728 (44.1%)-1562 [2.4(1.4 to 3.3)]p<0.000117207 (42%)16969 (44.3%)-233 [2.4(1.7 to 3.1)]p<0.0001
ISS >158408 (37.8%)6720 (38.4%)-1688 [5.6(-0.4 to 1.5)]p=0.239115543 (37.9%)13455 (35.2%)-2088 [-2.7 (-3.4 to -2)]p<0.0001
ISS >253995 (18%)3127 (17.9%)-868 [-0.1(-0.9 to 0.7 )]p=0.79217521 (18.3%)6201 (16.2%)-1320 [-2.1(-2.6 to -1.6)]p<0.0001
Body regions, n(%)
Head AIS 3+5911 (26.6%)4670 (26.7%)-1241 [0.1 (-0.8 to 1)]p=0.830111128 (27.1%)9629 (25.2%)-1499 [ -2(-2.6 to -1.3)]p<0.0001
Face AIS 3+63 (0.3%)41 (0.2%)-22 [-0.05 (-0.1 to 0.05)]p=0.341699 (0.2%)69 (0.2%)-30 [-0.06 (-0.1 to 0)]p=0.0618
Chest AIS 3+4787 (21.5%)3915 (22.4%)-872 [8.3 (0.2 to 1.6)]<0.04508515 (20.8%)8075 (21.1%)-440 [0.3 (-0.2 to 0.9)]p=0.2337
Abdomen AIS 3+872 (3.9%)690 (3.9%)-182 [0.02 (-0.3 to 0.4)]p=0.91771465 (3.6%)1179 (3.1%)-286 [-0.5 (-0.7 to -0.2)]p=0.0001
Spine AIS 3+1985 (8.9%)1561 (8.9%)-424 [-0.01(-0.6 to 0.5)]p=0.97443784 (9.2%)3459 (9%)-325 [-0.2(-0.6 to 0.2)]p=0.3654
Pelvis AIS 3+758 (3.4%)600 (3.4%)-158 [0.02(-0.3 to 0.4)]p=0.91841501 (3.7%)1386 (3.6%)-115 [-0.04(-0.3 to 0.2)]p=0.7802
Limb AIS 3+5707 (25.7%)4892 (27.9%)-815 [2.3 (1.4 to 3.2)]p<0.000110719 (26.1%)10122 (26.5%)-597 [0.3(-0.3 to 0.9)]p=0.3053
Other AIS 3+217 (1%)199 (1.1%)-18 [0.2 (-0.04 to 0.3)]p=0.1176375 (0.9%)396 (1%)21 [0.1 (-0.01 to 0.2]p=0.0836
Polytrauma1622 (7.3%)1350 (7.7%)-272 [0.4 (-0.1 to 0.9)]p=0.11602984 (7.3%)2429 (6.3%)-555 [-0.9(-1.2 to 0.6)]p<0.0001
  • *CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index

  • **MOI Mechanism of injury

  • ***ISS Injury Severity Score

  • chi square test for uniform distribution