Table 1

Baseline characteristics according to documented non-transport reason

Overall*Transport not requiredTransported by other meansReferred to GP/Another providerTransport refused
N=62 975N=30 789N=9451N=11 254N=9171
Age category, n (%)
 0–11 months8337 (13.2)4177 (13.6)1340 (14.2)1410 (12.5)1124 (12.3)
 1–4 years20 476 (32.5)9136 (29.7)3931 (41.6)3888 (34.5)3007 (32.8)
 5–11 years15 111 (24.0)7439 (24.2)2196 (23.2)2841 (25.2)2103 (22.9)
 12–17 years19 051 (30.3)10 037 (32.6)1984 (21.0)3115 (27.7)2937 (32.0)
Male gender, n (%)30 343 (48.9)16 104 (52.3)4454 (47.2)5694 (50.6)4689 (51.1)
Hour of day, n (%)
 00:00–04:007516 (11.9)3364 (10.9)1257 (13.3)1418 (12.6)1256 (13.7)
 04:00–08:003988 (6.3)1556 (5.1)571 (6.0)1126 (10.0)613 (6.7)
 08:00–12:008685 (13.8)4357 (14.2)1099 (11.6)1824 (16.2)1068 (11.7)
 12:00–16:0012 874 (20.4)6633 (21.5)1715 (18.2)2274 (20.2)1703 (18.6)
 16:00–20:0014 918 (23.7)7674 (24.9)2265 (24.0)2290 (20.4)2132 (23.3)
 20:00–00:0014 994 (23.8)7205 (23.4)2544 (26.9)2322 (20.6)2399 (26.2)
Weekend, n (%)18 688 (29.7)9346 (30.4)2993 (31.7)2868 (25.5)2785 (30.4)
Remoteness Index, n (%)
 Major city46 300 (77.8)21 749 (72.7)7427 (80.1)9659 (86.9)7306 (81.6)
 Inner regional area11 383 (19.1)6837 (22.9)1670 (18.0)1341 (12.1)1475 (16.5)
 Outer regional area/Remote1825 (3.1)1340 (4.5)175 (1.9)110 (1.0)174 (1.9)
 Missing (%)5.52.81.91.32.4
EMS dispatch code, n (%)
 Time critical (lights and sirens)35 978 (57.2)18 032 (58.6)5269 (55.8)6657 (59.2)5546 (60.6)
 Urgent20 998 (33.4)10 128 (32.9)3401 (36.0)3556 (31.6)3021 (33.0)
 Non-urgent5924 (9.4)2591 (8.4)776 (8.2)1026 (9.1)590 (6.4)
 Missing (%)0.10.10.10.10.2
Case nature, n (%)
 Medical34 283 (57.2)14 160 (47.2)6033 (64.8)8082 (72.6)5746 (63.4)
 Trauma16 170 (27.0)9265 (30.9)2585 (27.8)1958 (17.6)2277 (25.2)
 Other9526 (15.9)6557 (21.9)690 (7.4)1092 (9.8)1035 (11.4)
 Missing (%)4.82.61.51.11.3
Paramedic diagnosis, n (%)
 Mental health/Social/Behavioural issue or Alcohol/Drug problem6602 (10.8)4203 (13.7)526 (5.6)967 (8.6)823 (9.0)
 Respiratory condition6879 (11.2)2324 (7.6)1755 (18.6)1639 (14.6)1155 (12.6)
 Neurological condition4566 (7.5)1897 (6.2)513 (5.4)818 (7.3)1321 (14.4)
 Infection6881 (11.2)2179 (7.1)1521 (16.1)2078 (18.5)1094 (11.9)
 Gastrointestinal/Genitourinary condition2350 (3.8)960 (3.1)407 (4.3)675 (6.0)308 (3.4)
 Other medical condition5502 (9.0)2653 (8.6)827 (8.8)1163 (10.3)842 (9.2)
 Musculoskeletal issue/Traumatic injury7563 (12.4)3790 (12.3)1775 (18.8)1043 (9.3)940 (10.3)
 Pain4118 (6.7)1745 (5.7)751 (8.0)891 (7.9)726 (7.9)
 No problem identified13 339 (21.8)9355 (30.4)840 (8.9)1575 (14.0)1548 (16.9)
 Unknown problem3438 (5.6)1683 (5.5)536 (5.7)405 (3.6)414 (4.5)
Paramedic intervention, n (%)5728 (9.4)2493 (8.1)1404 (14.9)989 (8.8)822 (9.0)
Abnormal vital sign, n (%)15 454 (24.5)7283 (23.7)2610 (27.6)2662 (23.7)2664 (29.0)
  • *Includes 2108 patients for whom ‘not transported reason’ is unknown. Proportions exclude missing data.

  • EMS, emergency medical services; GP, general practitioner.