Table 3

The refreshed top 10 emergency medicine research priorities

1*How can care for mental health patients be optimised, whether presenting with either/both physical and mental health needs; including appropriate space to see patients, staff training, early recognition of symptoms, prioritisation and patient experience?
2In older frail patients with injury, how can assessment (including specific trauma assessment/call activation), management, clinical outcomes and patient experience be optimised?
3What is the optimal management strategy for patients taking antiplatelets and anticoagulants who sustain head injuries?
4In patients with acute low back pain, are there signs and symptoms which should lead to emergency magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) being performed to rule out cauda equina syndrome, a condition which requires urgent management?
5*How can excellence be achieved in delivering end-of-life care in the ED? How can patients, families and staff be best supported with handling bereavement issues?
6*What measures and interventions can be used to reduce the harms of crowding in the ED and prioritise patient care most effectively?
7How can patients who present to the ED with acute aortic syndrome be identified, and are there decision tools which can reduce overuse of CT scans to identify these patients?
8In patients suffering traumatic injuries where bleeding is suspected, what are the most effective treatments in the ED setting to improve survival?
9Can a blood test (biomarker) help identify those patients who present with sepsis to the ED that require early treatment and improve patient outcomes?
10*How can work/life balance be improved among ED staff to better retain our staff, including rota design and other working conditions, and with regard to how ED staff development is managed, what initiatives can improve staff engagement, resilience, retention, satisfaction, individuality and responsibility?
  • *Denotes a question that was in the original top 10 emergency medicine (EM) research priorities.