Table 1

Patient characteristics on admission to the ED

CharacteristicsPatients with COVID-19
(n=1094)
Patients without COVID-19
(n=477)
P value
Demographics
 Age (years)63±1874±14<0.0001
 Age ≥80 years, N (%)218 (20)195 (41)<0.0001
 Male gender, N (%)616 (56)305 (64)0.005
 Diabetes, N (%)212 (19)150 (31)<0.0001
Associated conditions
 COPD, N (%)106 (10)235 (49)<0.0001
 Chronic heart failure, N (%)82 (8)74 (16)<0.0001
 Cerebrovascular disease, N (%)69 (6)41 (9)0.13
Vital parameters
 Body temperature (°C)36.8±0.937.3±1.0<0.0001
 Fever, N (%)699 (64)162 (34)<0.0001
 Systolic BP (mm Hg)136±27128±10<0.0001
 HR (bpm)89±1798±22<0.0001
 RR (/min)20±724±8<0.0001
 SpO2 (%)95±590±7<0.0001
Laboratory blood tests
 Leucocytes (G/L)7.2±3.713.9±10.0<0.0001
 C reactive protein (mg/L)7.3±7.919.2±10.0<0.0001
CXR
 Lung opacities, N (%)651 (60)207 (43)<0.0001
  • Data are presented as n (%) or mean±SD. Comparisons were performed using Fisher’s exact tests for categorical and Student’s t-tests for continuous variables.

  • bpm, beats per minute; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; SpO2, peripheral oxygen saturation;